High Speed Connectors Overview

High Speed Connectors Overview

High speed connectors create an excellent platform for transferring data at the greatest possible bandwidth. They are currently used in virtually every computer system around the world and aerospace. USB, RJ-45, Fiber Optics, and others offer the highest performance while maintaining high reliability. Their innovative design affords the best-possible latency for time-critical functions and performs transfers of bulk data with very little impact on system processing. High speed connectors accomplish a variety of tasks, ranging from high-definition audio/video output, network interfacing, and simple data sharing among users.


USB is the most common connector among this category because it is highly standardized and capable of providing communication and electrical power. Most computer systems incorporate some form of USB interface and this is for good reasons. USBs have a simple design and are easy to operate. They are self-configuring, meaning they do not require any adjustments to settings, system updates, or inputs from the user to function properly.  Peripherals are standardized to operate with all USB-equipped devices, allowing devices to communicate properly on this medium. When devices are connected via USB, systems know exactly what to do.


RJ-45 connectors were originally designed for the use of telephones but have since been incorporated into various forms of telecommunication. RJ-45s were standardized by the Administrative Council for Terminal Attachment (ACTA) and designated as the customary connector for telecommunications. Commonly referred to as an “Ethernet connector,” this connector is being used for computer networking, Internet connectivity, and telephone services. They contain eight pins, representing 4 pairs of polarized contacts, with eight color-coded wires. This cable allows for a 10BaseT or 100BaseT connection. Such an efficient connection is perfect for the high speed communication of modern devices.

Fiber Optics

Fiber Optic connectors are among the latest and most advanced forms of data transfer. Using fiber instead of traditional metal in wires reduces data loss and eliminates EMI. This efficient method enables the ability to increase the amount of data we can transfer at greater distances and speed. Silica fibers are used to internally reflect beams of light that transport data at the highest speeds possible. The silica fiber is protected by a plastic coating. They are sometimes covered by an optical cladding made from UV-cured urethane acrylate composite or polyimide materials with a low reflective index. In other instances, fibers may be protected a tough resin and a plastic jacket. 


Air Electro is an authorized distributor of high speed connectors. We have been serving the connector market since 1952. As an authorized stocking distributor, we offer: Glenair, Radiall, Souriau-Sunbank by Eaton, and TE Connectivity - DEUTSCH high speed connectors. Our custom designed connectors are offered and manufactured through AEI Manufacturing, an Air Electro subsidiary.